June 8, 2023
United State

Lumbago Common Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments


Lumbago, commonly known as lower back pain, is a prevalent health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is estimated that at least 80% of adults will experience some form of lower back pain at some point in their lives. The pain can range from mild to severe, and it can be acute or chronic. In this article, we will explore the common symptoms, causes, and treatments of lumbago.

Understanding Lumbago: Common Symptoms

Lumbago can manifest in various ways, and the symptoms can vary from person to person. Some of the most common symptoms include:

Dull, Achy Pain In The Lower Back: 

The most common symptom of lumbago is dull, achy pain in the lower back. This pain may be localized to the lower back or may radiate to other areas, such as the hips, buttocks, or thighs. The pain may be worse with movement or after prolonged sitting or standing.

Pain That Radiates Down The Leg: 

In some cases, the pain may radiate down the leg, following the path of the sciatic nerve. This is known as sciatica and is a common symptom. The pain may be sharp, shooting, or burning in nature.

Stiffness And Reduced Range Of Motion In The Lower Back: 

Also, cause stiffness and reduced range of motion in the lower back. This may make it difficult to bend, twist, or move the lower back without pain.

Muscle Spasms In The Lower Back: 

Also, can cause muscle spasms in the lower back, which may feel like a sudden, sharp pain or cramp. These spasms may be triggered by certain movements or activities.

Numbness Or Tingling In The Leg Or Foot: 

In some cases, lumbago can cause numbness or tingling in the leg or foot. This is often a sign that the sciatic nerve is being compressed or irritated.

Weakness In The Leg Or Foot: 

In severe cases of lumbago, the leg or foot may feel weak or unstable. This can make it difficult to walk or stand for long periods.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause of your lumbago and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Understanding Lumbago: Causes

It can be caused by various factors, including:

  1. Poor Posture

Poor posture is a common cause of lumbago. When you slouch or hunch over, you put extra pressure on your lower back muscles, which can lead to pain and discomfort. Sitting for long periods without taking breaks can also cause poor posture, leading to lumbago.

  1. Strain Or Injury To The Muscles, Ligaments, Or Joints In The Lower Back

Strain or injury to the muscles, ligaments, or joints in the lower back can also cause lumbago. This can occur due to overuse, sudden movements, or accidents. Sports injuries, lifting heavy objects, and falls are common causes of strain or injury to the lower back.

  1. Herniated Or Bulging Discs

Herniated or bulging discs can cause lumbago. Discs are the cushions that separate the vertebrae in the spine. When a disc herniates or bulges, it can put pressure on the nerves in the lower back, causing pain and discomfort.

  1. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition that causes the bones to become weak and brittle. When the bones in the spine become weak, they can fracture easily, leading to lumbago.

  1. Arthritis

Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation in the joints. When it affects the joints in the lower back. Arthritis can also cause stiffness and limited mobility, making it difficult to move the lower back without pain.

  1. Sciatica

Sciatica is a condition that occurs when the sciatic nerve is compress or irritated. The sciatic nerve runs from the lower back down to the legs. When it is compressed or irritated, it can cause pain in the lower back, buttocks, and legs.

  1. Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition that occurs when the spinal canal narrows, putting pressure on the nerves in the lower back. This can cause lumbago, as well as other symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and weakness in the legs.

It is essential to determine the cause of your lumbago to ensure proper treatment.

Understanding Lumbago: Treatments

The treatment will depend on the cause of the condition. Some common treatments for lumbago include:

Lumbago causes
  1. Pain relief medication: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce pain and inflammation in the lower back.
  2. Physical therapy: Strengthening exercises, stretches, and other therapies can help improve mobility and reduce pain.
  3. Chiropractic care: Chiropractic adjustments can help improve spinal alignment and reduce pain.
  4. Acupuncture: Acupuncture can help reduce pain and improve mobility in the lower back.
  5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying condition causing lumbago.

It is essential to consult with your doctor to determine the best treatment plan for your lumbago.

Preventing Lumbago

There are several steps you can take to help prevent lumbago, including:

  1. Maintaining a good posture: Sitting and standing with good posture can help reduce strain on the lower back.
  2. Staying active: Regular exercise can help improve flexibility, strength, and mobility in the lower back.
  3. Using proper lifting techniques: When lifting heavy objects, it is essential to lift with your legs and not your back.
  4. Maintaining a healthy weight: Excess weight can put strain on the lower back, so maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of lumbago.
  5. Avoiding smoking: Smoking can contribute to the development of lumbago, so avoiding smoking can help reduce the risk.

Pros and Cons Of lumbago 


1. Understanding lumbago provides people with insight into what is causing their back pain. 

2. Knowing the common symptoms can help identify the condition quickly. 

3. Understanding the causes of lumbago affords individuals a better chance of preventing it in the future. 

4. Knowing different treatments can help people find relief from lumbago symptoms more easily and quickly. 

5. Recognising when to seek medical advice is made easier by understanding lumbago’s symptoms and causes. 


1. People may become overly concerned if they believe they are suffering from lumbago without seeking professional medical advice first. 

2. Without an accurate diagnosis, individuals may pursue ineffective treatments that do not alleviate their pain or discomfort fully or at all. 

3. There is a risk that incorrect information about common symptoms, causes, or treatments will be access and followed instead of professional medical advice being sought


Lumbago, or lower back pain, is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. The symptoms can vary from mild to severe, and the causes can be numerous. However, with proper treatment and prevention, it is possible to manage and prevent lumbago. If you are experiencing symptoms of lumbago, it is essential to seek medical attention to determine the cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan. Remember to maintain good posture, stay active, use proper lifting techniques, maintain a healthy weight, and avoid smoking to help prevent lumbago.

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